The IUCN Global Species Programme, in conjunction with the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC) and partners, are driving the fight to save species for people and nature.


Key numbers



species on the Red List



species threatened with extinction



species which the IUCN Red List aims to assess

How we engage

Species are critical for a healthy planet, but growing pressures from human activities are putting them at risk of extinction. Habitat destruction, invasive species, overexploitation, illegal wildlife trade, pollution and climate change are threatening the survival of species worldwide.

IUCN is at the forefront of the global fight to save species from extinction. Its Species Survival Commission has over 9000 members, within 160 Specialist Groups. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ is used to guide decision making and conservation action. IUCN provides technical expertise for conservation issues and projects.


  • Africocypha varicolor 16% of the world's damselfly and dragonfly species are threatened with extinction, including Africocypha varicolor, a species found only in two streams on the Moyabi-Madzay plateau in Gabon.   Photo: André Günther

    Dragonflies threatened as wetlands around the world disappear - IUCN Red List


    Gland, Switzerland, 9 December 2021 (IUCN) – The destruction of wetlands is driving the decline of dragonflies worldwide, according to the first global assessment of these species in today’s update of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. Their decline is...

  • buitre torgo - Torgos tracheliotos Photo: daniel buron

    Half of raptors breeding in North Africa are threatened with extinction – IUCN report


    The first Red List assessment of raptors in North Africa presents an overview of the conservation status for 36 species of birds of prey breeding in the region.

  • eugene_delacroix_-_les_bords_du_fleuve_sebou Photo: Eugene Delacroix - public domain

    The Sebou river: assessment of a North African treasure


    Rivers are the lifelines of nature, carrying water and nutrients to all parts of the world. They provide us with clean drinking water and food, and are home to some of the most diverse and threatened wildlife in the world. In the light of the World Rivers Day...

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Learn more

Sustainable Use and Trade Photo: IUCN Bangladesh

Sustainable use and trade

Pseudagrion kamiranzovu Photo: Jens Kipping

Freshwater biodiversity

Procambarus clarkii Photo: Jordi Ray Gabarra

Invasive species

Monkey Photo: Slavena Paneve via Unsplash (CC)

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Quick reads

Aimed at policy-makers and journalists, IUCN Issues Briefs provide key information on selected issues in a two-pager format.

Post-2020 global biodiversity framework Photo: IUCN

Post-2020 global biodiversity framework

In October 2021 and April 2022, Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will meet in Kunming, China (COP15) to determine the post-2020 global biodiversity framework (the framework...
Measuring contributions towards biodiversity targets Photo: IUCN

Measuring contributions towards biodiversity targets

Global biodiversity is declining at a faster rate than at any other time in human history. This is driven by pressures from human actions, including commercial activities. For example, species are...
Species and climate change Photo: IUCN

Species and Climate Change

Mean global temperatures have risen ~1ºC since pre-industrial times as a result of human activities. In addition to increasing global temperatures, the impacts of climate change include extreme...
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